By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform worldwide, very important land inequalities stay, specifically in Latin the United States and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the desire for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round the right way to redistribute land peacefully and legally, frequently blockading growth on implementation. This e-book makes a speciality of the 'how' of land redistribution which will forge larger consensus between land reform practitioners and allow them to make greater offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Additional info for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
Country case studies confirm that hypothesis. For instance, the initial phase of China’s high and sustained growth and poverty reduction spurt clearly was linked to its 1979 change from collective large-scale farms to small family farms. When collective production was abandoned and key agricultural markets were liberalized, China’s peasant sector initiated rapid economic growth that dramatically reduced poverty (see chapter 4). At the other end of the equity spectrum one finds the countries that have been least successful in reducing rural poverty.
Similarly, Colombia accomplished little through this process. In South Africa since 2003, an amendment to the Restitution Act has enabled the Minister of Land Affairs to expropriate land by ministerial order, potentially increasing the rate of private land acquisition under a restitution claim. The first expropriation orders were not issued until January 2007, and the first land was acquired by expropriation in March 2007. South Africa currently is revising its expropriation law to give effect to the constitutional provision that allows land to be expropriated below market value by deducting the value of subsidies received from the state by the landowner.
In most of the cases discussed in this book, restoring a more equitable distribution of land will contribute greatly to more social cohesion, which will foster more inclusive institutions and policies, and hence promote better long-term development. Equity, Growth, and Poverty Reduction Deininger (2003) and the World Development Report 2003 (World Bank 2002) provide evidence of the long-term implications of inequality in landholdings and development. By tracing individual countries’ long-term development paths within sets of comparable countries,4 they further illustrate how initial inequality in landholdings leads to dramatically different development outcomes in the long run.
Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series) by Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink