Read e-book online Afghanistan: A Modern History PDF

By Angelo Rasanayagam

ISBN-10: 1417564431

ISBN-13: 9781417564439

ISBN-10: 1860648460

ISBN-13: 9781860648465

Show description

Read Online or Download Afghanistan: A Modern History PDF

Similar asia books

Get The History of the Central Asian Republics (The Greenwood PDF

Primary Asia's lengthy and intricate heritage is teeming with diversified cultures and traditions. The countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan have served as a huge cultural crossroad in the course of the millennia, with many customs colliding and mixing alongside the way in which. during this finished quantity, scholars can find out how crucial Asia constructed in precedent days and the way the international locations of the steppes advanced in the course of the heart a long time into glossy historical past.

New PDF release: Think Tanks and Non-Traditional Security: Governance

Asian safeguard associations have struggled to conform to the so-called 'non-traditional' safety concerns that characterise the strategic panorama of the twenty first century. The ensuing gaps in governance have more and more been stuffed through imagine tanks, that have arguably began to alter the way in which that Asian safeguard is ruled.

Extra resources for Afghanistan: A Modern History

Example text

A loosely organized political association called the Movement of Enlightened Youth also made its appearance during this period. Middle-class in origin and liberal in spirit, its manifesto called for the eradication of anachronistic customs and ideas, the grant of legal rights to women, the accountability of the government to parliament, the eradication of official corruption, the formation of political parties, economic develop. inent, and so on. Such demands, it must be said, gave voice to a small minority of educated and reform-minded Afghans in urban areas, but found no resonance in the unlettered general population, subject to the traditional influences of lnalik and mullah, responsive only to the local concerns of their particular qawm, and utterly impervious to the secular issues that lay behind these demands.

In August 1940 Afghanistan, which had been admitted to the League of Nations in 1934, formally reaffirmed its neutrality. In October 1941 the British and the Soviets demanded the expulsion from Afghan soil of all citizens of the three Axis countries. A similar joint ultimatum to the Iranians, who had been slow to respond, had resulted in the invasion and partial occupation of Iran by British and Soviet forces in August 1941, and the forced abdication of Reza Shah who was replaced by his young son.

16 AFGHANISTAN: A MODERN HISTORY practitioner of the 'forward policy' used the occasion to extract further concessions before recognizing him as amir. With blatant effrontery Curzon replied that the treaty that the British had previously signed was a personal document, and that a new treaty had to be considered. In doing this he was flouting a basic principle of interilatioilal law that the British, when it suited their purpose, had always insisted on: that treaties were between states, and not between rulers.

Download PDF sample

Afghanistan: A Modern History by Angelo Rasanayagam

by William

Rated 4.10 of 5 – based on 24 votes