By Gregg Henriques
Problem approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the prior decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to go looking for methods to unify the discipline.
A New Unified concept of Psychology introduces a brand new approach that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent conception involves 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent strategy to unify a number of the components of the sphere. The unified thought presents the sphere of psychology with a well-defined material, permitting either educational psychologists can be in a position to increase a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the tremendous formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its relatives with different sciences, deciding upon its key theoretical rules, and resolving its a variety of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of probably nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a good skill to explain, research, and summarize in a couple of pages enormous and intricate parts of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral versions of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in examine details...I particularly loved the extra own info and anecdotes the ebook structure gave him the gap to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be past due getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad institution. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure specified research of what he saw as undertaking director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released file of the study...All advised, it's now not gentle interpreting, but when you get pleasure from considering massive photo themes you will discover loads of nutrition for suggestion here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined by means of incompatible competing colleges of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there isn't any experience during which each one iteration of researchers builds upon the center analytical insights of past generations of researchers… This e-book is written for medical and learn psychologists, and for that reason avoids this type of mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it really is nearly most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists give some thought to psychology to be a conception of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the idea of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. for that reason, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sphere ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of data with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied by means of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that's the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques will pay distinctive cognizance to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of data. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by means of organic evolutionary thought, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding concept, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by way of what he calls Justification concept. by means of Behavioral funding thought, Henriques capacity basically the rational selection version of selection, organic and fiscal conception, even supposing he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit by way of asserting that Justification conception calls for a "rational emotional actor" that isn't effectively modeled in commonplace rational selection idea (p., 46). i would upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game concept as a part of Behavioral funding concept, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This standpoint is simple to fiscal thought. In biology, the extension of determination conception (e.g., foraging concept) to video game idea was once pioneered via John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the idea of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now could be usual in all of animal habit thought. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled via an "Influence Matrix," that is a part of the psychology of the person who regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional aspect of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the number of behaviors ruled by way of the impact Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding thought is crucial integrating proposal during this e-book. If this precept on my own have been integrated uniformly all through examine psychology, it is going to supply a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified idea of Psychology is terrifically not easy, to the purpose of might be being a brand new starting for psychology as a examine discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and principal ecu collage, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places various components of mental learn and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also useful that the publication has very good transitions, with summaries often reminding the readers the place they've been and looking forward to the place they're going. … If i'll train a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this might be the publication. If i may suggest one publication to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sector, this may be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the dying of the so-called grand theories provided through luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sphere of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a extensive photo of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The end result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings with out actual capability to reply to vast questions or to generate a shared basic figuring out of the human . This publication seeks to alter the established order and gives up a brand new unified concept of psychology that redefines the technology and the career and paints a brand new photo of human nature within the strategy.
A New Unified idea of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any critical attempt to supply integration and team spirit inside of mental wisdom and realizing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just severe, yet essentially the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, sincerely articulated, and accessibly written displays of a unified conception in psychology that i've got noticeable in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous booklet represents a noble quest to supply a huge, values-based, and clinical framework which holds the ability to arrange our paintings and circulation us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable booklet, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental study and thought. even though diverse readers will most likely make diverse judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which could probably encourage psychologists to appear outdoors the slim confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to tips to handle the complete variety of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and useful, this booklet is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, with the intention to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and medical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the options and recommendations awarded during this seminal quantity by way of a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read Online or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Additional info for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
Shealy (2005, p. ” Quackenbush (2005, p. ” And Anchin (2008, p. ” Toward a New Vision 25 At the same time, some scholars also have offered criticisms and cautions about the system. The post-Skinnerian psychologist Steven Hayes wondered if the unified theory actually led anywhere. He wrote [L]ook at the present effort and ask, “What effective action can now be taken? ” Henriques does not present actual data showing that thinking of the world this way is useful in a practical or empirical sense.
Such humanistic patterns exist in stark contrast to the misunderstandings, the hostility, and the intolerance of opponents so often evidenced in important debates. It is through the empathetic sharing of ideas that the ultimate results will be constructive rather than destructive. (Henriques, 2005, p. 137) Associated with the proposal is the additional argument that, if successful, such a unified framework would be a good thing. Currently the worldviews—the largescale justification systems—that guide human action and discourse are in a state of “fragmented pluralism,” meaning that they are fundamentally contradictory and incompatible.
Now turn on the television. What are advertisements, but displays legitimizing the purchase of the product, either explicitly or implicitly? Turn to a talk show, a political commentary, or a show documenting legal or political proceedings. Or watch a drama or comedy or any other show with people regularly interacting. What you will see are people advancing justification systems and justifying why the advancement of other justification systems is problematic. Shift gears and focus your attention inward.
A New Unified Theory of Psychology by Gregg Henriques