By William Edward Maxwell
Sir William Edward Maxwell (1846-1897) of the interior Temple, Barrister-at-Law; Assistant Resident, Perak, Malay Peninsula, was once the writer of A guide of the Malay Language (1882).
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Additional info for A Manual of the Malay Language
Redoubt (strong, powerful)? sajjâ (armour), sajjatâ, readiness vâṇa (an arrow) Weapon, arm senjâta Bow pânah Dagger kris kṛit (to cut, to kill) Discus Club Cross-bow Pike chakra gada gandî sanggamâra Knife Enemy Battlefield Victory churîka satrû râna jaya chakra gadâ gâṇḍiva saṃgrâma (war, battle) chhurikâ çatru raṇa (battle) jaya Kw. and Mak. sanjata; Bat. sonjata; D. sandata. , and D. panah; Mak. pana; Tag. and Bis. pana, arrow. J. and S. keris and kris; Bat. horis; Mak. kurisi; Tag. and Bis.
A goat. Certain fabulous birds and reptiles which belong to the domain of Hindu mythology have their places also in Malay folk-lore; such as garuḍa,26 the eagle of Vishnu, and Jaṭâyu (Malay jintâyu), a fabulous vulture; chandrawâsi, a name given by Malays to a fabulous bird which is heard but never seen, is also evidently of Sanskrit origin. , and D. naga). The vegetable kingdom supplies a long list of trees, plants, and flowers which are known to the Malays by Sanskrit names. Some of these are closely connected with another group of words to be noticed presently, namely, those which belong to the department of religion.
Sometimes vowels will be found marked with the short sign, ˘. This is only for the purpose of assisting the student in pronunciation, and does not represent any peculiarity in the native character. The vowels are to be sounded in general as in the languages of the Continent of Europe. Final k is mute. The correct pronunciation of Arabic words is aimed at by Malays of education, and the European student should get the right sounds of the vowel ain and of the more peculiar Arabic consonants explained to him.
A Manual of the Malay Language by William Edward Maxwell