By James F. Eder
For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have tested homesteads and new methods of lifestyles on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland desolate tract. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in accordance with in the neighborhood variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler group based throughout the Forties. in line with precise details on the degrees of neighborhood, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 uncomplicated subject matters: the improvement of a post-frontier village economic system; loved ones innovations for survival and prosperity; and person goals as they relate to principles approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are hooked up into an built-in research of switch in the neighborhood throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.
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Additional resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
Growing cultural diversity is also visible in the changing geographic origins and ethnolinguistic backgrounds of San Jose residents. In 1971, 75 percent of household coheads had been born in Cuyo, and 86 percent spoke Cuyonon as their first language. By 1995, less than a quarter of San Jose’s household coheads were Cuyo-born. Many had been born in San Jose, but the remainder came from all over: from thirteen other communities in Puerto Princesa City, from eighteen other municipalities in Palawan, from thirty-five provinces in the Philippines, and from four foreign countries.
The 1971–1988 period, for example, saw a two- to threefold increase in the amount of labor use and a fivefold increase in the amount of commercial fertilizer use per unit of garden land. In field cropping, the same period saw the appearance of second-cropping (following an initial crop of corn) with such labor-intensive and rapidly maturing crops as melons, peanuts, and mung beans. The common thread in all such developments has been voluntary farmer response to greater market opportunity, with land scarcity, once held to be a central factor in the intensification process (Boserup 1965), now playing a secondary role (see Brush and Turner 1987:33–34).
A considerable number of San Jose marriages—perhaps 50 percent, in some local views—involve couples who have already conceived a child or been sexually active. Divorce is not legal in the Philippines; annulments and legal separations are possible but in practice difficult to obtain. There is a low incidence of de facto divorce and permanent separation, and some abusive or otherwise unsatisfactory marital relationships, but all newly married couples expect their marriages to work and to last. At least in Philippine communities like San Jose, spouses are universally self-selected.
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder